Integrated Planning and Management of Land ResourcesFAOCSDUNEP
World Summit on Sustainable Development, South Africa 2002


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Looking Forward to Rio+10: Reporting Progress on Land and Agriculture

Record of Contributions

Message 30

        Message 30 - Contribution offered by Timo Maukonen from Brij Kish ore
        Fri, 16 Mar 2001 15:34:48 +0100

Thank you for inviting me to participate in the e-conference on "Toward
Rio+10 and Beyond: Progress in Land and Agriculture".

The report [from the Moderators: Mr. Kishore is referring to Part 2 of the
draft Task Managers' Report] provides a well-balanced perspective and
touches upon all major relevant issues.  I am, however, pleased to make the
following preliminary comments on the draft in my personal capacity:

1. The document reviews the past trends and makes strategy and policy
enunciations based on these trends. It may be useful to make long-term
projections regarding the various issues under this cluster of programmes
and identify critical areas of intervention and then recommend paradigm
shift in policies and strategies. It may be noted that on major global
environmental issues such as climate change and biodiversity conservation,
the major international initiatives were possible only after forging an
international  consensus on causes and consequences based on scientific
investigation and modeling studies with several scenarios. Unfortunately,
such a consensus has yet to be evolved on the issues at hand. One of the
major thrust of the report should, therefore, on long-term assessment of the
problems for which relevant studies and establishment of an international
expert's panel could be considered ( paragraphs 5 and 28 of Part I and
paragraphs  16(i) and 23(i) and (iii) of Part II).

2. In "Globalization affecting agriculture and land use" there is no
explicit mention of corporatization of agriculture production and marketing
systems which may have profound impact on farm employment, land use,
impoverization and pauperization of farming communities and loss of
traditional farming practices and cultures and local knowledge base. This
concern may be reflected in paragraphs 9 and 10 of Part I and paragraphs 5
and 6 of Part II.

3. Bio-safety concerns do not find mention in the documents. It may be
useful to include some issues relating to impacts of genetically modified
seeds and organisms and intellectual property rights in this sector
(paragraphs 15 of Part I and 28(ii) of Part II).

4. Programmes under this cluster and particularly agriculture production are
not  ends in itself. These are essentially intended for providing food
security. Safety nets for poor communities and priority for dry land
agriculture and animal husbandry in marginal and impoverished lands should
be corner stone for any strategy aimed at food security, poverty and
environmental degradation (paragraphs 27. 2) of Part I and 23 (i) of Part

5.  As regards new and additional financial resources, the existing
mechanisms have not been able to make any significant impact on flow of
enhanced funding support to anti-desertification programmes and
rehabilitation of degraded lands. In fact, over the last few years these
areas have registered decreased external flows. In order to galvanize the
issues, fresh approaches or proposals may be necessary. Generally speaking,
most of the anti-desertification and land reclamation and rehabilitation
projects are not bankable. In order to accelerate these programmes
particularly for acutely internationally debt-ridden countries and least
developed countries where these problems are most serious, there may be need
for incremental funding support to the extent that these might be made
bankable. A new window or restructuring of an existing window is needed for
financing debt-ridden and least developed countries for financing such
project for greater investment flows to these countries. This may be added
in paragraph 20 of Part II (  paragraph 26 of Part I  and paragraphs 20 (i)
and 23 (iii) of Part II).

6. International NGOs have not provided as much financial and technical
commitments to programmes under this cluster when compared to other
environmental programmes such as climate change, ozone layer depletion,
biodiversity conservation, marine and coastal resources etc.. Support of
international NGOs was crucial to give these programmes a very high
visibility and critical and enhanced funding commitment at the international
level.  Enhanced role of international NGOs and international support to
local NGOs and CBOs could provide a major fillip and conducive environment
to promoting enhanced anti-desertification and land rehabilitation
programmes (paragraphs 17 and 18 of Part I and 21(ii)of Part II ).
I will be pleased to provide further clarification or elucidation as
necessary or required.I also wish to place on record my sincere appreciation
for the opportunity provided to me for making the above comments.

With warm regards, Yours sincerely,
Brij Kishore

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